Characterization and Modification of Secondary Combustion on Biomass Stoves for Low Emission

Suwarsono Suwarsono

Abstract


The Indonesian people mostly use fossil-fueled stoves in the form of Liquid Petroleum Gas.  Alternative fuels that have the potential to overcome this problem are biomass because biomass is a renewable energy source and has several advantages compared to non-solid fuels.Early research has successfully identified the character Primery combustion, at biomass stoves that have been used in the market, has successfully modified the lamtoro wood on biomas stove, with primary combustion modification. The results of the initial research resulted in the highest temperature standard stove (highest temperature) 744 oC, the highest temperature of the modified stove 759o C. So biomass stoves can be an alternative to LPG substitutes. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of parameter variations on combustion quality and exhaust emissions on biomass stoves. The design of the research will be carried out using a full-factorial multivariable and for the analysis using the Response Surface method. The study used a third-level factorial design model. Research data shows an increase in temperature and burning time. The results of Emission test indicate a decrease in carbon monoxide (CO) gas, this indicates a more perfect combustion.

Keywords


Biomass Stove, Secondary combustion, Response Surface Method

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/sentra.v0i4.2275

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