Marine edutourism based on local wisdom of Bajo Tribe in Wakatobi National Park as an environmental education alternative

Riza Sativani Hayati, I Gusti Putu Suryadarma, Paidi Paidi


Indonesia is an archipelagic country with potential as a world maritime axis. One of Indonesia's marine potentials is Wakatobi National Park, which is known as a world biodiversity hotspot and an underwater paradise for tourists. In the coastal area of Wakatobi live the Bajo Tribe who have an emotional closeness to the sea which is shown in their caring attitude towards the sea. The local wisdom of the Bajo Tribe can be used as a learning resource for environmental education to improve students' marine environmental literacy. One of the uses of this potential can be through marine edutourism which is a tourist trip with the aim of learning the local wisdom of the Bajo Tribe in environmental management through direct observation. The purpose of this study was to develop a marine edutourism learning model based on the local wisdom of the Bajo Tribe in Wakatobi National Park to improve students' environmental literacy. This research is a development research using the Design and Developmental Research (DDR) method. This research resulted in a learning model called Experiential and Joyful Learning-Marine Edutourism (EJoy-ME) and its components for high school students of Grade X with material  about marine and its conservation. The resulting learning model components include learning syntax, social systems, reaction principles, support systems, instructional impacts, and accompaniment impacts. In conclusion, this development research has produced a marine edutourism learning model based on local wisdom of the Bajo Wakatobi tribe named EJoy-ME which is ready to be tested and can be used as an environmental education  alternative for students.

Full Text:



Adimu, H. E., Boer, M., Yulianda, F., & Damar, A. (2018). Review management policy marine conservation area of Wakatobi National Park. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 176(1).

Artanto, Y. K. (2017). Bapongka, Sistem Budaya Suku Bajo Dalam Menjaga Kelestarian Sumber Daya Pesisir. Sabda : Jurnal Kajian Kebudayaan, 12(1), 52.

Breunig, M. (2017). Experientially Learning and Teaching in a Student- Directed Classroom. 1–18.

Coles, T., Polandb, R. H. C., & Clifton, J. (2015). Ecotourism in an educational context: Promoting learning opportunities through travel. Journal of Biological Education, 49(2), 213–217.

Firmansyah, F., Mustofa, A., Estradivar, Damora, A., Handayani, C. N. N., Harris, J., … Yusuf, M. (2017). Relationship Between the Wakatobi National Park Zonation System and Dynamics of Coral Reef Ecosystem Condition. Coastal and Ocean Journal (COJ), 1(2), 147–156.

Haapkylä, J., Seymour, A. S., Barneah, O., Brickner, I., Hennige, S., Suggett, D., & Smith, D. (2009). Association of Waminoa sp. (Acoela) with corals in the Wakatobi Marine Park, South-East Sulawesi, Indonesia. Marine Biology, 156(5), 1021–1027.

Hasrawaty, E., Anas, P., & Wisudo, S. H. (2017). Peran Kearifan Lokal Suku Bajo dalam Mendukung Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi di Kabupaten Wakatobi. Jurnal Penyuluhan Perikanan Dan Kelautan, 11(1), 25–34.

Hayati, R. S. (2017). Edutourism Taka Bonerate National Park through Scientific Approach to Improve Student Learning Outcomes. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.


Ilardo, M. A., Moltke, I., Korneliussen, T. S., Cheng, J., Stern, A. J., Racimo, F., … Willerslev, E. (2018). Physiological and Genetic Adaptations to Diving in Sea Nomads. Cell, 173(3), 569-580.e15.

Indrawasih, R., & Antariksa, I. G. P. (2003). Budaya Bajau: Pemanfaatan dan Pelestarian Lingkungan. Jurnal Masyarakat Dan Budaya, 5(2), 59–75.

J. Ellis, T., & Levy, Y. (2010). A Guide for Novice Researchers: Design and Development Research Methods. Proceedings of the 2010 InSITE Conference, 107–118.

Koutsoukos, M., Fragoulis, I., & Valkanos, E. (2015). Connection of Environmental Education with Application of Experiential Teaching Methods : A Case Study from Greece. 8(4), 23–28.

Lucardie, D. (2014). The Impact of Fun and Enjoyment on Adult’s Learning. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 142, 439–446.

Marlina, Sumarmi, & Astina, I. K. (2020). Sustainable marine ecotourism management: A case of marine resource conservation based on local wisdom of bajo mola community in wakatobi national park. Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, 32(4), 1317–1323.

Ode, L. A., & Basri, A. L. I. (2011). Philosophical View and Rarambangah System : a Local Genius of the Bajau People Living at Bungin Permai Village , Southeast Sulawesi. MUDRA ISSN 0854-3461, 26(3), 246–252.

Richey, R. C., & Klein, J. D. (2014). Design and Development Research. Design and Development Research.

Tahara, T. (2014). Kebangkitan Identitas Orang Bajo di Kepulauan Wakatobi. Antropologi Indonesia, 34(1).

Uniawati. (2011). Mitos dan aktivitas melaut masyarakat bajo di buton. METASASTRA , Vol. 4 No. 1, Juni 2011: 90—100 Yang.

WWF. (2012). Integrated Conservation in Wakatobi. Wakatobi.


  • There are currently no refbacks.