The Method Of Hadith Interpretation In The Light Of Maqāṣid Al-Sharīʻah: A Study Of Muhammadiyah’s Fatwas

Niki Alma Febriana Fauzi

Abstract


This paper address about one of the methods for understanding hadiths which is important to apply in the contemporary era. The objectives of this paper are: (1) to investigate the significance of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah in understanding hadiths, and (2) to know and analyse how to Muhammadiyah applies this approach in interpreting the hadiths. In order to reach out these two main objectives, literature studies and interviews were done to obtain data required. This paper is using qualitative method as a method of analyse. Based on this study, the writer found that the theory of taʻlīl al-aḥkām played an important role in interpreting hadiths in the light of maqāṣid al-sharīʻah. The methods used by Muslim scholars to investigate ‘illat (causa legis) can be applied to know the ultimate purposes (maqāṣid al-sharīʻah) in hadiths. The writer also found that indeed Muhammadiyah has applied the methods in fatwas that it has issued. That methods that Muhammadiyah applied in its fatwas are al-sabr wa al-taqsīm and istiqrā’. Keywords:  Understanding Hadiths, Maqāṣid Al-sharīʻah, Taʻlīl Al-aḥkām, Hadith Interpretation, Majelis Tarjih

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