A Reconstruction of Abū Hanīfah's Model of Teaching in Al-Ā'lim wa al-Muta'allim

Ayub Ayub

Abstract


Education is an important aspect of Islamic civilization. Muslim have discussed theories and practice of education since the early period of Islamic history. However, modern scholarship that tends to treat their legacy as mere historical artefacts often fails to identify its relevance to modern education. Furthermore, Islamic pedagogy is often criticized for its overemphasis on memorization over critical thinking. This paper would examine these notions by reconstructing a model of teaching employed by Abū Hanīfah (d. 150/767), a prominent figure of ahl al-ra'yi tradition which is known for their rational approach in understanding Islam. As a literature based research, the primary source of this study is a treatise entitled "Al-' Ālim wa al-Muta'allim." The work is attributed to a student of Abū Hanīfah who documented his learning process and described his master's educational thought and practice. The text will be analysed using the contemporary models of teaching as the analytical framework. Analysing the text in the frame of modern models of teaching allows his legacy to not only be presented as a historical account but also an operative model of teaching that can be adopted in modern educational institutions.Keywords: Models of teaching, Abū Hanīfah, al-'Ālim wa al-Muta'allim.  Keywords: Turkey, Indonesia, Relationship, Muslim leaders.

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